Why and When to Transplant?
There are several purposes for transplant. On the right is a picture of what looks to be an Impatient. These annuals were growing in my flower garden. This one was found outside my garden in the yard. I didn't have the heart to just let it go so I transferred it to an indoor planter and brought it inside.
When a plant is apparently outgrown it's current container it needs more room for roots to prosper. Sometimes it is obvious, sometimes not so apparent. If roots begin to appear through the drainage hole in the planter it is best to give your foliage more space. If your foliage seems stifled for growth no matter how much care you give it it may be asking for more room. If leaves begin to turn without probable cause expand the plants territory.
You may want to start your garden's seedlings inside and than move them to the garden. This is my favorite way to plant tomatoes, peppers and even squash. It's a great way to get a head start on gardening. Once seedlings are sturdy, strong and large enough you can move them outside to the garden.
How to Safely Transplant
Transplanting follows basically the same rules regardless if it's indoors or outdoors. If
you are transferring a plant to a larger pot remember these basic rules:
1) Be sure you select a planter large enough to give the plant plenty of room for years of growth. If not you'll find yourself spending a lot of time moving your foliage from pot to pot.
2) Be sure to make a hole large enough to fit all of the roots without crowding. Its best to move the plant to the new planter and add dirt around the roots.
3) When removing the plant from it's current pot be careful not to harm the roots. Loosen the growth from the container by skimming the outer edge with a sharp object. Turn the plant on it's side and gently release the plant.
4) Carefully loosen the dirt from around the roots. The root system is probably pretty tight and needs plenty of room to continue growth. Place the loosened dirt in the bottom of the new planter and set the stem directly in the center. If transplanting outdoors dig a hold that is at least six inches wider and deeper than your plant and stand the growth in the center of the hole.
5) It's best to make sure your planting solution is well fed. I like to use a good potting soil and give it a boost by blending in coffee grounds and some good compost. Tightly pack dirt around the plant, but not so tight you suffocate the roots. Make sure the plant is standing sturdy and dirt is covering the roots well.
6) Give your plant a good drink without drowning it. Some plants may suffer a bit of shock when transplanted. With the right nutrition, correct amount of moisture and plenty of sunshine your plant should pull through well.
Weather transplant indoors or outdoors keep an eye on your plant for a few days. Make sure you know your plants sun and moisture requirements to avoid problems. If you see signs of shock tray a good root booster to help the roots take hold and your plant should get back on track.